What you need to know about COVID-19

Corona virus disease is caused by acute respiratory disease discovered in china , there is fewer cases reported about infection in children than adults and the severity of the disease is mild in children who need only supportive care . 

What about signs and symptoms ?

We need to know that symptoms may be absent , but some patients may have 

  • Cough .
  • Nausea and vomiting .
  • Fever may be present .
  • Shortness of breath .
  • Sore throat .
  • Diarrhea .
  • Myalgia .
  • Fatigue .
  • Abdominal pain .
  • Conjunctivitis .
  • Skin rash .
  • Recently many patients reported loss of taste and smell .

Diagnosis

Laboratory tests don’t  always show specific indications about covid 19 , the following abnormalities have been observed

  • Lymphopenia .
  • Elevated liver and muscle enzymes “ SGPT , SGOT “ .
  • Increased myoglobin and creatine kinase isoenzyme levels .
  • Elevated C reactive protein .
  • Elevated erythrocyte sedimentation .
  • Elevated D-dimer  .

Chest radiograph shows bilaterally patchy shadowing ,  subpleural ground-glass opacities and consolidation .

Transmission 

Corona virus can spread by droplet , person to person contact , contaminated objects and airborne contagion . there is no evidence that it can be transmitted by sexual contact . 

Treatment and management  

1) Most cases can be treated spontaneously without any treatment but we can add oxygen supply for treating hypoxia as a supportive remedy . 

2) Drugs 

Adding antiviral drugs may help in this case , Remdesivir has been approved by FDA for treating covid 19 for patients from age 12 years .

In addition to vaccines as “ Pfizer , moderna  , Johnson and Johnson “ and antibody-directed therapy “ bamlanivimab plus etesevimab “ . but not used as mono therapy .

3) Plasma

There is no enough evidence about treating covid 19 with plasma but it’s based on individualized assessment of risk and benefit .

How can you protect yourself against covid 19 ? 

  • Taking the recommended vaccine can reduce the percentage of infection in addition to reducing the symptoms in case of infection .
  • Avoid direct contact with infected patients or asymptomatic patients .
  • Wear your personal medical mask , “ N95 “ is recommended .
  • Keep clean always by washing your hands with soap in addition to using hand sanitizer .
  • Avoid crowded public places and maintain at least 2 meters of distance between you and others .
  • Make sure to drink plenty of water every day .

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